In TopoScandiaDeep, we will study the composition and properties of the crust and upper mantle below Southern Scandinavia to try to understand why it was uplifted. This will be done using tomographic methods which give an image of the Interior of the Earth by using waves generated by earthquakes or by man-made small surface explosions. We will also use the gravity field, magnetic field and surface heat flow to help constrain the physical properties of the Earth. Finally, the model will be used to test with computer simulations and with tank experiments which forces are necessary to deform the crust and mantle in the way we observe it today in Scandinavia.
The project is one of 10 projects in the ESF Eurocores programme TOPO-EUROPE (www.esf.org/activities/eurocores/programmes/topo-europe.html). It is funded by the Research Council of Norway (www.forskningsradet.no), the Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and Statoil. The project is scheduled from the end of 2008 to 2012.
Find out more about the project on the TopoScandiaDeep homepage.