The climate is changing. It becomes wetter, wilder and warmer.
In Jotunheimen, Norway. Photo: Kari Sletten
Geologists can read part of the history by finding out what types of deposits that are present in a particular area.Climate represents the average weather based on a period of 30 years. 'Climate' actually means to slope, because the Earth's inclination relative to the sun's irradiance is one of the most important parameters determining the climate.
Other important parameters for the climate include ocean currents, elevation above sea level, mountain chains, and the mass distribution of land and sea.
The climate also affects the environment ¿ our surroundings. Environment is the description of the external influences and circumstances for biological life. At the same time, environment has also become a concept for the conditions of human life.
When the environment becomes unhealthy, this is attributed to pollution by harmful substances. Pollution may be a discharge of environmental poisons and harmful substances from both natural and anthropogenic processes. Those substances may enter the food chain and thereby harm both animals and people.
NGU investigates the natural changes in climate and what kind of effect climate and the different surface processes have on shaping the landscape. NGU's researchers also work on documenting the state of the environment in order to reveal pollution and its sources.
Published: 14. January 2008